The National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos” (NCSR “Demokritos”) is the largest multidisciplinary research center in Greece, with critical mass in expertise and infrastructure in the fields of Nanotechnology, Energy & Environment, Biosciences, Particle and Nuclear Science, Informatics and Telecommunications. The National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos” is an autonomous Legal Entity of Public Law supervised by the General Secretariat for Research and Technology (GSRT), while preserving its administrative and financial independence. The NCSR “Demokritos” conducts world-class basic and applied research, for advancing scientific knowledge and promoting technological development in selected areas of national socio-economic interest. The Center also plays a pivotal role in graduate education and professional training and its unique infrastructure is employed for high-technology services to the Industry and the Society. NCSR “Demokritos” consists of five (5) institutes while each institute consists of different labs. In MARINE-EO participates the Integrated Systems Laboratory under the Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications.
Integrated Systems Laboratory (ISL)
The Integrated Systems Laboratory (ISL) is part of the Institute of Informatics and Telecommunications (IIT), one of the five Institutes of NCSRD. ISL has accumulated substantial expertise and is actively involved in many areas of information technologies and telecommunications, including GIS, location-based services and mobile location-based services (including journey planning), indoor and outdoor asset positioning and tracking, 3D modeling and reconstruction. ISL has significant expertise in Integrated Maritime Surveillance as of their involvement as WP leader in two major FP7 projects: PERSEUS –FP7-SEC-2010.3.1-1 and EUCISE2020: SEC-2013.5.3-2 and one DG-MARE project: Hellenic CISE: MARE/2014/26.
The Directorate General for the Maritime Policy (DGPM) was created on January 31, 2012, with the entry into force of Regulatory Decree no. 7/2012, which approves the Organic Law of the Ministry of Agriculture, Sea, Environment and Spatial Planning (MAMAOT) under the Reduction and Improvement Plan for the State's Central Administration (PREMAC), stating the aims set out in the XIX Constitutional Government Programme related to the Sea Affairs. In February 4, 2014 with the entry into force of Decree-Law no. 18/2014, was approved the Organic Law of Ministry of Agriculture and Sea that includes DGPM. The Directorate-General for the Maritime Policy (DGPM) has the mission to develop, evaluate and update the National Ocean Strategy, to design and propose the national maritime policy, taking into account its different aspects, to develop the maritime spatial planning and management considering its multiple uses and activities, to monitor and participate in the development of European Union’s Integrated Maritime Policy and to promote maritime affairs’ national and international cooperation. Additionally, the DGPM was designated as "PT02 - Integrated Marine and Coastal Waters Management" Programme Operator, upon the Memorandum of Understanding signed on 29 March that has entered into force on March 30, 2012. The PT02 - "Integrated Marine and Coastal Waters Management" Programme prepared and managed by the DGPM, is the national programme to be funded under the AP1 - Integrated Marine and Inland Water Management programme area, which will be focused exclusively on marine and coastal areas, and has the main objective to achieve good environmental status of marine and coastal waters in Europe, according to the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). In accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding, signed on March 29, 2012 between Portugal and the three donor states of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) - Kingdom of Norway, the Principality of Liechtenstein and Iceland, for this program area, it was assigned a funding amount of EUR 19,2M from the EEA Grants, accounting with a national co-financing of about EUR 3,4M, to be supported at program level by DGPM, and at pre-defined project level by their respective promoters.
The Spanish Guardia Civil (www.guardiacivil.org) is an armed corps with military nature which is part of the State’s Defence & Security Corps and takes part of Security Bodies in Spain. As one of the national agents with responsibilities on security, the Spanish Constitution establishes as their prime mission to protect the free exercise of the rights and liberties of the Spanish people and guarantee security of the citizenship, all of it under the responsibility of the Spanish Government. The Guardia Civil is an institution which renders essential services to the community: Protection of the Spanish economic interests; Public order; Assistance; Criminal investigation police; Intelligence services; etc. In order to carry out all these functions, Guardia Civil has 80,000 officers (over 3,000 of them are women), who are deployed all over the national territory and territorial waters. Guardia Civil carries out 3.9 million services per year, that is, approximately 10,000 a day; that amounts to 32 million work hours and one million actions. Two million humanitarian activities (consisting in rescuing, aiding and assisting citizens) are conducted every year. Guardia Civil constant work results in the fact that it investigates nearly 300,000 crimes, over 274,000 minor offences and 380,000 infringements against public safety; it solves over 200,000 criminal offence cases every year, and arrests almost 100,000 alleged criminals, i.e., 308 arrests a day. In order to develop these services, the Guardia Civil vehicles cover more than 350 million kilometers a year (enough to drive around the world almost 8,000 times). Guardia Civil is tasked with the following functions related to maritime surveillance: preventing and fighting smuggling, drug trafficking, fraud and other fiscal offences, preventing and fighting illegal immigration, environment protection, fishery inspection and supervision and protection of the Spanish national sunken heritage. Customs and Border Service is in charge of them.
HCMR is a governmental Research Centre operating under the auspices of the General Secretariat for Research and Technology (Greek Ministry of Education). It has the mandate to promote basic research in all fields of the aquatic environment and to deliver comprehensive scientific and technical support to the public. It is composed of three institutes: Oceanography, Marine Biological Resources & Inland Waters, Marine Biology, Genetics & Aquaculture. HCMR operates the 62m R/V Aegaeo, the 23m R/V Filia, four ROVs, the manned submersible THETIS, as well as two aquariums in Crete and Rhode Islands. The Centre has been involved in all EU Framework Programs and participated in numerous EU-funded RTD projects, either as coordinator or partner. (e.g. CINCS, MTP-II MATER (Coordinator for East Med), METROMED (Coordinator), KEYCOP, INTERPOL (Coordinator), FATE, ADIOS, BEEP, IASON (Coordinator), MERSEA-IP, HERMES Coordinator for East Med), SESAME-IP (Coordinator), HERMIONE, EUR-OCEANS, ECOOP, CIRCE, SPICOSA, MESMA, MARIFISH, PEGASO, MedSEA, MyOcean,, PERSEUS (Coordinator), COCONET, etc. It is an active member of EuroGOOS & MedGOOS by developing a national monitoring/forecasting programme through the POSEIDON program and by participating in EC and ESA funded research projects (MFSPP, MFSTEP, MERSEA_S1, ROSES, MERSEA_IP, MARCOAST, ECOOP, MyOcean, BOSS4GMES, EuroSITES, EuroARGO, JERICO, FixO3) to develop European capacity in operational oceanography under the GMES and GEOSS umbrella. HCMR participates as full member in 4 ESFRI research infrastructures (Lifewatch, EuroArgo, EMSO, EMBRC). The Institute of Oceanography has been awarded a National Excellent Award in Greece in 2005 and in 2014 after assessment from an International Committee. At national level, HCMR is involved in many national research and monitoring programs, including the national WFD and MSFD programs (coordinator) as well as in the implementation of other European Directives such as the Habitat Directive, Natura2000, etc. At international level HCMR has been involved in studies in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea and recently (since 2011) in the Red Sea, with all its gear (boat, submersible and ROVs).
The Regional Fund for Science and Technology (FRCT) is an administratively and financially independent public institute in the sphere of the Regional Secretariat for the Sea, Science and Technology (SRMCT), Regional Government of the Azores. FRCT was created in order to coordinate and manage financial resources available for scientific research, technological development and innovation from Regional, European and International programs. As such, it is a privileged channel for the participation in projects and collaborative activities with entities that are external to the Regional Government. With an annual turnover of about 2M€, it is run by a board of three members, with administrative support from the Regional Directorate of Science and Technology. One of the main goals of FRCT is to facilitate the link between regional public entities and the scientific community in order to improve the performance of regional participation in European programs and thereby promote the excellence of research and innovation in the Azores. The main areas were FRCT develops its activities in the Azores comprehend:
- Support to advanced training, through the attribution of research grants;
- Financing and/or organization of international events relevant to the regional scientific community;
- Participation in regional, national and international projects, as coordinator or partner;
- Support to the participation of other regional public entities and the scientific community in funding programs external to RAA, among which HORIZON 2020 stands out.
The Norwegian Coastal Administration (NCA) is headed by the Director General, and the head office is the agency's highest governing body. As can be seen from the organization chart below, The NCA has seven operative units: 5 regions, the shipping company and the head office. The agency has around 50 operative units. The NCA has around 1000 employees in total, and around 700 of these employees are engaged in operative activities. The NCAs areas of expertise include maintaining high level of safety and accessibility along the Norwegian coast by the development and maintenance of a maritime infrastructure, in addition to providing various maritime services. The NCA provides the national Ice Service, which has two main tasks: Provision of ship traffic with updated information on ice conditions in Norwegian waters from the Swedish border to Kristiansand, and Icebreaking in main and secondary fairways outside port areas. NCA’s activities encompass the maritime sector of the National Transport Plan (NTP), as well as exercising authority and administrative tasks related to the laws and regulations for ports, fairways and compulsory pilotage. The NCA currently operates 5 maritime traffic control centres located at Horten, Brevik, Kvitsøy, Fedje and Vardø. The maritime traffic control centres engage in civil traffic monitoring, traffic regulation, traffic control and other maritime traffic services. The purpose is to increase safety and the navigability of fairways with relatively congested and complex traffic patterns. The control centre in Vardø has an area of responsibility covering (NAVAREA XIX). The NCA also uses the AIS network for purposes other than pure traffic monitoring. Data from the AIS network is distributed to government agencies. Among other can be cited: Norwegian Armed Forces; Joint Rescue Coordination Centres; Norwegian Maritime Directorate; Customs; Police; Ports; Climate and Pollution Agency (KLIF). A combination with data from the reporting system SafeSeaNet Norway (SSNN) can provide information on the vessel's destination and estimated time of arrival, and whether the vessel is carrying hazardous or polluting cargo. This is, for example, important information for the NCA's maritime traffic control centres and oil pollution preparedness. In addition, SSN information provides information on the number of persons on board, which is important information for search and rescue operations. The NCA is the National Competent Authority for SSN Norway and for LRIT in Norway and manages the Norwegian part of the LRIT database on behalf of the Norwegian authorities. The regulatory framework for safety at sea and maritime transport is formulated to a great extent internationally, and binding international cooperation and the international development of regulations are of great importance to safety at sea in Norwegian waters. Much of the work that takes place internationally, especially in the EU and IMO, has a direct impact on the services that the NCA provides. The NCA therefore attaches a great deal of importance to participation in international forums to make a contribution to future developments in accordance with the Norwegian wishes and needs.
The National Observatory of Athens as Research Centre has a continuous presence in science and education activities at international level, for more than 170 years. It is the first research Institution that was founded in Greece (1842) after the establishment of the Modern Greek state (1832). The activities of NOA are organized around 3 Institutes: the Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing (IAASARS), the Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development (IERSD), and the Geodynamics Institute (GI).
IAASARS/NOA (the Institute participating in the proposal on behalf of NOA), has been actively involved in space sciences, space applications and Earth Observation (EO) with remarkable achievements in leading research, and operational activities in the context of EU flagship programs/initiatives namely COPERNICUS, GALILEO and GEO. The Institute has important human capacity with high skills in the relevant sciences, and coordinates major projects, such as the GEO-CRADLE project, as well as the European Centre of Excellence BEYOND.
NOA hosts the Focal Point in Greece of the Global Earth Observing System of Systems (GEOSS), operating one of the very few national GEO Offices in the World. After the GEO-X Plenary decisions, IAASARS/NOA acts as monitoring platform of natural disasters contributing to task DI-01 “Informing Risk Management and Disaster Reduction”. IAASARS/NOA acts as Co-Leader of the Global Urban Observations and Information Task (SB-04) following the activities in the operational and enhanced monitoring of the thermal urban environment (i.e. Land Surface Temperature, Urban Heat Islands, Heat Waves).
NOA has a great long-standing relevant experience acquired from previous and current projects. An indicative list of example key projects is presented in this section below.
NOA has engaged in the planning and realization of relevant tasks, inventorying of existing capacities and user needs mapping and analysis in projects concerning the development and provision of validated services to the end-user communities, following the Copernicus principles and quality and validation standards. H2020-EO-02-2016 marine-eo-part b-section 1-5-v.0.17
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NOA has also undertaken the development of pre-operational and operational Copernicus services in several thematic areas of Copernicus including security, border security, vessel detection, disaster risk reduction, emergency response and emergency support. In addition, NOA has an outstanding experience in the reception and redistribution of satellite data from multiple satellite missions: Copernicus contributing missions (MODIS, NOAA, AVHRR, NPP, JPSS, Landsat etc) as well as the Copernicus mission data (Sentinel data). NOA owns and operates the first existing collaborative ground segment for the redistribution of satellite data into the entire South-East Europe, North Africa, Middle East regions, and specific coordination actions are run by NOA for the uptake of Copernicus and Earth Observation market in the wider Mediterranean, North Africa, Middle East and the Balkans.
The European Union Satellite Centre (EU SatCen) is an Agency of the Council of the European Union (EU) whose mission is to support the decision making and actions of the EU in the field of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and in particular the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), including EU crisis management missions and operations, by providing (at the request of the Council of the European Union or the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy) products and services resulting from the exploitation of relevant space assets and collateral data, including satellite and aerial imagery, and related services. As such the EU SatCen is an institution linking Space and Security with technical and operational expertise as key primary user of satellite data as well as product and service provider in the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. The staff of the European Union Satellite Centre consists of experienced imagery analysts, geo-spatial specialists, project engineers and supporting personnel recruited from EU Member States; the EU SatCen also hosts seconded experts from EU Member States and Third States. The European Union Satellite Centre headquarters is located in Torrejón de Ardoz, in the vicinity of Madrid, Spain.
The Norwegian Marine Technology Research Institute (Norsk Marinteknisk Forskningsinstitutt AS) is a company in the SINTEF Group with headquarters in the Marine Technology Centre in Trondheim. MARINTEK is an international, leading marine technology research company. It has a staff of 165 employees. Its range of advanced activities covers laboratory services and analyses in marine hydrodynamics and construction, marine ICT services, logistics and maintenance, in addition to energy and environmental. Arctic is one of our five prioritized strategical areas, the others are Deepwater, Smart Maritime, Renewables and Seafood. MARINTEK’s laboratory and testing facilities consist of: Ocean basin, towing tank, cavitation tunnel, energy & machinery laboratory and a marine structure laboratory. MARINTEK has more than 60 years of experience in the design and development of cost-effective, high performance ships for the shipping industry, where model testing constitutes the most important element. MARINTEK has also for over 30 years worked extensively with international oil companies, equipment suppliers and engineering companies providing solutions for oil and gas fields worldwide. This includes areas like the Gulf of Mexico, Brazil, West-Africa, South-East Asia and Australia.